ABBAS, JUDAH BEN SAMUEL IBN, moderate rationalist author active sometime between the 13th and 15th centuries. Ibn Abbas' most important contribution was the rationalist ethical and educational work Ya'ir Nativ ("He Will Light the Way"). Ibn Abbas also wrote a short book on ethics, Mekor Ḥayyim ("Fountain of Life"), and two other books which have not survived, Me'ir Einayim ("Light of the Eyes"), on the reasons for the commandments, and a commentary on Aristotle's Organon. In Ya'ir Nativ, Ibn Abbas criticized the extremists on both sides of the controversy over philosophy. On the one hand, he criticized the extreme rationalists for their philosophical antinomianism and for their laxity in, or even mocking, observance of the commandments. On the other hand, he was critical of the "talmudist" rabbis who studied only Talmud and not philosophy. He was thus a model of the moderate rationalism of the period. Ibn Abbas became famous for the curriculum of studies presented in Ya'ir Nativ. The curriculum was printed several times. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Asaf, in: S. Glueck (ed.), Sources for the History of Education in Israel (1961), 65–69; D. Schwartz, in: Tarbiz, 62 (1993), 585–615. (Dov Schwartz (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • IBN ABBAS, JUDAH BEN SAMUEL II — (13th century), religious writer, probably a resident of Spain; to be distinguished from judah ben samuel ibn abbas , the liturgical poet. In the middle of the 13th century Ibn Abbas composed Ya ir Nativ ( Enlightener of the Path ), also known as …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ibn Wahshiyya — (Arabic: أبو بكر أحمد بن وحشية‎, Abu Bakr Ahmed ibn Ali ibn Qays al Wahshiyah;[1] fl. 9th/10th centuries) was an Iraqi alchemist, agriculturalist, farm toxicologist,[2] egyptologist and historian born at Qusayn near Kufa in Iraq.[3] …   Wikipedia

  • SAMUEL HA-NAGID — (Ismail ibn Nagrelʿa; 993–1055 or 1056), vizier of granada , statesman, poet, scholar, and military commander. The meteoric rise and political and military career of Samuel ha Nagid marks the highest achievement of a Jew in medieval Muslim Spain …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Samuel de Marseille —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Samuel ibn Tibbon. Samuel ben Juda de Marseille est un médecin et traducteur juif provençal du XIVe siècle (1294  ?). Éléments biographiques Samuel ben Juda naît à Marseille en 1294. Il se dévoue dès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MAIMONIDEAN CONTROVERSY — MAIMONIDEAN CONTROVERSY, a vast complex of disputed cultural, religious, and social problems, focusing around several central themes. Some of the elements of this controversy considerably antedate maimonides (1135–1204); and of the questions… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LOGIC — (Heb. חָכְמַת הַדִּבּוּר or מְלֶאכֶת הַהִגַּיוֹן), the study of the principles governing correct reasoning and demonstration. The term logic, according to Maimonides, is used in three senses: to refer to the rational faculty, the intelligible in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • POETRY — This article is arranged according to the following outline (for modern poetry, see hebrew literature , Modern; see also prosody ): biblical poetry introduction the search for identifiable indicators of biblical poetry the presence of poetry in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jewish philosophy — Jewish theology redirects here. Philosophy and Kabbalah are two common approaches to Jewish theology Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

  • Averroes — Ibn Rušd (ابن رشد) Averroes Statue of Averroes in Cordoba Full name ʾAbū l Walīd Muḥammad ibn ʾAḥmad ibn Rušd …   Wikipedia

  • PIYYUT — (Heb. פִּיּוּט; plural: piyyutim; from the Greek ποιητής), a lyrical composition intended to embellish an obligatory prayer or any other religious ceremony, communal or private. In a wider sense, piyyut is the totality of compositions composed in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.